Table of Contents
Body of Essay
Bullying can be a difficult topic to tackle. That is why this bullying essay will help offer an idea of what will comprise a good paper and what potential areas of research to cover within this controversial and popular subject. From developing a good thesis, carrying it throughout body paragraphs, and closing with a brief and concise conclusion, this essay will show what to do to obtain a high grade. The first step before the thesis, the body, and the conclusion, is a unique and informative introduction. This will help lead to an idea of where to start the paper and when all is finished, an abstract can be created, thus putting a successful end to any writing project.
Understanding a Bully
What Makes Others Bully?
Bullying: The Need to Control
Identifying the Four Common Types of Bullying
A. What is Bullying – Definition
B. Types of Bullying – relational, verbal, physical
D. Effects of Bullying
Bullying is an ongoing problem that affects people as children and adults. To stop bullying, people need to understand the various ways to bully and why bullying exists. Bullying makes those that do it feel powerful and look ‘cool’ to others. Yet, bullying can create immense suffering for the victims, sometimes leading to death. This essay covers four types of bullying: relational, verbal, physical, and cyberbullying. It also covers briefly the effects of bullying by providing examples of real bully cases.
Title: Identifying the Four Common Types of Bullying
Essay Hook: Bullying has lead to the suicides of several American youths.
Kids and adults alike have talked about bullying and their experiences. From coworkers acting too aggressively to kids in class being mean, bullying is a common occurrence that has been portrayed in movies, books, and shows to several generations. Although many think they have a good idea of what constitutes bullying, many do not know the various forms of bullying. People can be bullied verbally, physically, online, and in relationships. Intimate partners, friends, and family members can be bullies.
The four different types of bullying that will be discussed in this essay are relational, verbal, physical, and cyberbullying; these types of bullying are often difficult to identify and in covering these topics, it will provide a deeper understanding of bullying and its potential negative impact on both the bully and the person bullied.
What is Bullying
Bullying is defined as hurtful, mean behavior happening continually in any relationship that has an imbalance of strength or power (Zins, Elias, Maher, & Wiggins, 2007). It can take on several forms. These forms may often seem similar. It is important to distinguish each one and understand how they impact a person on the receiving end of the bullying.
Bullying can consist of direct or indirect bullying. “Direct bullying refers to face-to-face physical or verbal confrontations, while indirect bullying is usually described as less visible harm-doing, such as spreading rumors and social exclusion” (Zins, Elias, Maher, & Wiggins, 2007, p. 11). Those that experience direct bullying may be verbally or physically assaulted. Those that experience indirect bullying may be gossiped about. Regardless, direct or indirect bullying can have profoundly negative and long-lasting effects on the person bullied.
Types of Bullying
The first form of bullying is relational bullying and is considered indirect bullying. Relational bullying means bullying with exclusionary tactics, involving deliberate prevention of someone being/joining part of a group (Macklem, 2010). This could be at a game, social activity, or lunch table. A good example of this is when a group of boys at baseball practice decide to go to a fast food place to eat. One person is left to the side, ignored, treated as though he was invisible. Making people feel excluded from a group can lead to feelings of worthlessness and depression.
People suffering from relational bullying may experience mood changes, turn to isolating themselves, or withdraw from peer groups altogether. Although relational bullying can happen with either gender, girls experience this form of bullying more than boys, especially in certain age ranges. “Between eight and eleven years of age, girls continue to use more and more relational aggression. They appear to be choosing the form of aggression that is most hurtful to others, and the type of aggression that is most tolerated by the peer group” (Macklem, 2010, p. 42). Relational bullying does not simply mean excluding someone. It may also entail spreading rumors, sharing secrets and breaking confidences, and recruiting peers to share in the dislike of a target. This form of social manipulation is quite common in grade school and can frequently happen up to middle school.
Bullies that partake in relational bullying may do so to feel power over others and over their intended target. They may dislike the bullying victim and so feel the need to encourage others to dislike the victim as well. Relational bullying also helps a person increase his or her social status among his or her peers. By that person putting someone else down or making someone else look bad, that person looks better in comparison.
The next form of bullying is verbal and is an example of direct bullying. Although there is no evidence of harm done as seen with physical bullying, those that experience verbal bullying state they develop traumatic memories from such events. “Verbal bullying usually takes the form of name-calling, taunting, interrupting, teasing, joking or threatening, intimidating, and humiliating. Victims of verbal bullies are often shy, have low self-confidence, and are chosen because they don’t have friend to defend them” (Ryan, 2012, p. 7-8). Bullies that verbally bully their victims do so because it makes them feel powerful. Like relational bullies, they may tease someone to improve their own social standing and belong with a group.
Verbal bullying can make a bullying victim depressed, socially withdrawn, and can lead to suicide ideation. Those that are verbally bullied may feel as though they have no one to turn to, to alleviate their situation. The best way to deal with verbal bullying, either as a child or as an adult, it to have confidence and learn self-respect. By people understanding and stressing their own personal boundaries, it may help them avoid dealing with a verbal bully.
The third form of bullying is physical. It is direct bullying and is easier to notice than other forms of bullying. Some people assume physical bullying is the most common type of bullying. However, evidence suggests it is the least common. “Many adults characterize most bullying as being physical, but this is a myth. In truth, physical bullying comprises the minority of bullying activity. Both boys and girls much more commonly experience verbal, social, and educational bullying” (Heinrichs & Myles, 2003, p. 25). People experiencing physical bullying are generally physically weaker than the bullies picking on them. They also tend to demonstrate a lack of an assertive personality.
An example of physical bullying is when a kid kicks or scratches another kid one day, and the next day pulls his or her pants down. This repeated act of aggression and physical violence constitutes physical bullying. Physical bullying can lead to potentially serious consequences for the victim such as permanent injury, disability, or even death.
One example of physical bullying that lead to death was the story of Bailey, a 12-year-old male honor student. He was hit in the head several times and experienced seizures that put him in a coma. “Bailey suffered a concussion, broken nose and other injuries when two boys jumped him in recess – one pushing him and the other landing the blows. He started suffering violent seizures causing doctors to put him in a medical coma” (Davies, 2013). Bailey died a short time after, from his injuries.
Physical bullying can be difficult to stop. Measures that can be taken involve gathering evidence and contacting law enforcement. People should never have to endure physical bullying and must be dealt with accordingly. Why physical bullying exists is varied.
Often physical bullies attack their victims because they experience some form of abuse. They may do so simply because they can. Or, they may be peer pressured into attacking a bully victim. Regardless of the reasons, physical bullying is a dangerous form of bullying that should be handled with the proper authorities in order to avoid additional problems from arising.
The final form of bullying is cyberbullying. While cyberbullying may be seen as indirect bullying, it can also take on a form of direct bullying due to harassing behaviors like insults and written attacks being sent online. A person can anonymously blackmail someone, post degrading and offensive posts on various social media platforms, and start pages making fun of a person’s looks. Cyberbullying has become a major issue and has led to the deaths of several teens in the last decade. One notable example is Amanda Todd.
Amanda Todd was a teenage girl who committed suicide because of an anonymous man who harassed her for years, posting topless pictures of Todd for her classmates to see. Aside from being tormented online, she was also physically assaulted by the girlfriend of the boy she slept with and was rushed to the hospital afterward for drinking bleach. Todd made a short video on YouTube detailing her suffering. “On September 7, 2012, Amanda Todd posts a video on YouTube entitled “My Story: Struggling, Bullying, Suicide and Self Harm”. Using queue cards she tells her story of the cyber-bullying she has been exposed to for a long period of time” (Hendricks & Hansen, 2014, p. 17). A month later, in October of 2012 Todd hung herself in her home.
Amanda Todd is just one of dozens of teenage girls and boys on the news that killed themselves because of cyberbullying. It is a serious problem facing today’s youth. How to spot the signs of someone being cyberbullied is if the person spends more time online, appearing anxious or sad afterward. Another is if the person being bullied has difficulty sleeping, wants to stay home, and withdraws from activities he or she used to enjoy. Bullies that engage in this form of bullying do so because it is instant, gratifying, and can be done anonymously. If people wish to combat cyberbullying, they must limit the time the person bullied has online and print out any evidence that could lead to a possible arrest or actions against a cyberbully.
Effects of Bullying
Those that experience bullying may feel the need to commit suicide. They may become bullies themselves as bullying can make a person with low self-esteem feel important and strong. “The main attraction of bullying is that it enhances the bully’s self-image, which is likely to be particularly important for pupils who have a low self-esteem” (Kyriacou, 2003, p. 20). Victims of bullying can develop trust issues with others and have problems socializing. Whatever happened to the victim can then translate to problems in that person’s life from altered performance in school to experiencing mental and physical health problems (Kyriacou, 2003). Bullying can and does have a profound and deep impact on the psyche of the victim.
In conclusion, bullying is a complex issue. It has various forms. Verbal and physical bullying are direct forms of bullying that involve teasing or hitting a bullying victim. Relational and cyberbullying are indirect forms of bullying that consist of isolating someone from a social group or harassing them online. Whatever the form of bullying, it can deeply affect the person bullied. Many that are bullied commit suicide. The ones that do not commit suicide have an altered view of the world. To stop bullying, it is important to recognize the signs, to make bullying a thing of the past, not the present or future.
Davies, K. (2013, March 6). Bailey O’Neill: Boy who died after schoolyard bully attack was punched 3 times in the face and refused to hit back | Daily Mail Online. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2289093/Bailey-ONeill-Boy-died-schoolyard-bully-attack-punched-3-times-face-refused-hit-back.html
Heinrichs, R., & Myles, B. S. (2003). Perfect targets: Asperger syndrome and bullying ; practical solutions for surviving the social world. Shawnee Mission, Kan: Autism Asperger Pub.
Hendricks, V. F., & Hansen, P. G. (2014). Infostorms: How to Take Information Punches and Save Democracy. Cham.
Kyriacou, C. (2003). Helping troubled pupils. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.
Macklem, G. L. (2010). Bullying and teasing: Social power in children’s groups. New York: Springer.
Ryan, P. K. (2012). Online bullying. New York: Rosen.
Zins, J. E., Elias, M. J., Maher, C. A., & Wiggins, L. (2007). Bullying, victimization, and peer harassment: A handbook of prevention and intervention. Psychology Press.
Tips for Writing
Abstracts should be written last. Once all parts of the essay are constructed, then write the abstract. The abstract is a quick recap of the entire essay that is meant to pique the interest of the reader. Keep that in mind when writing. The same can be said of a thesis. Often the right thesis comes from progress in the topic. Once someone understands what the topic comprises of, it is easier to design a thesis that will help the reader see what is in store in the body of the essay.
The topic of bullying was not so hard to tackle, was it? We hope this bullying essay helps you develop your own amazing and insightful writing. Sure, some tasks can seem daunting, especially if you do not have a guide to help you. But here there are guides and essays that can point you in the right direction. All you need is a little push and some good examples.
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Published under Tips for writing an essay On 19 Jun 2015
Every writer, whether a professional or a student, will always have his/her audience in mind when putting a pen on the paper. He/she will wish that every person that comes across his/her piece of writing will read it to the end. This is the reason you will stare at a blank page for hours thinking of the best title to give your piece of writing, or the best way to start.
A hook is so effective instilling curiosity and luring readers to keep reading to the end of your paper. The way a tip of an iceberg notify us of the massive iceberg below the water surface is the way a hook creates an impression on the reader of more interesting literature in the body of the piece of writing. There are different types of hooks and their use in writing depends both on the creativity of the writer and the type of the piece of writing. Some hooks cannot be used in formal writing unless when used with a lot of literary creativity.
If readers come across an essay you have written and decides ‘when to read it’, or ‘not to read it at all’, then this is a must-read article for you. What you need are skills to persuade your audience to read to the end without postponing or quitting. You need not only to use hooks in the introductory parts of your essay, but also to use them correctly. A hook is a glue for readers to a particular piece of writing. A hook is a bait for readers.
An essay hook is the first few lines of the essay that serve to introduce the essay to the readers. As we all know the introduction of an essay may capture or bore the reader depending on how the author has structured it. To compel an audience to continue reading your piece of writing, the best tools to use in the introduction of your essay are Essay hooks. Proper and creative use of hooks will make your essay be perceived as interesting by readers even before they read the main body. An essay hook to a writer is like a fishing rod to a fisherman! Please note that you can hire a writer to write a hooks for your essay anytime.
Examples of Popular Essay Hooks:
This can be a short humorous story of an experience. Beginning a formal essay with a joke sounds awkward. However, you capitalize on that funny or absurd attitude that will develop in the reader's mind. It will compel the reader to move to the next sentence or paragraph to find out the reason for the anecdote, and you got it!
Example; A group composed of philosophers, theologists and scientists joined hands to determine what race and tribe God is. The Philosophers argued that God's son was Jewish; hence God too could be Jewish. Others…”
An Involving Question
A question that engages the reader of an essay in determining the answer is a perfect hook! Such questions should not have a direct ‘yes or no’ answer. The reader will obviously be persuaded to read more to get the answer and compare it with his/her thoughts.
Example: “Have you ever wondered if Adam had an umbilical cord despite him being created and not born?”
A Literary Quote
When writing an essay about a certain topic, check authors that have addressed the same topic, and seek especially those whose perspective was different from what your topic is likely to suggest. Such a quote that creates an argumentative environment, even before you state your stand in writing will be very tempting for the reader. He/she may want to know if the quote actually communicates your position. A literary quote is ideal for use in an Argumentative essay. The quote should, however, relate to the theme of the essay. For instance; in an essay discussing an unrealistic or idealist phenomenon, a quote from Romeo and Juliet would be so engaging to the reader.
Quotes of Famous People
Opening your essay with a quote from a globally or nationally famous person (depending on your target audience) will be so influential. For example; A Quote by Barack Obama, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela or the Pope will glue the reader of your essay.
A Factual Hook
Facts will surprise the readers and persuade them to read more to get the details. Start your essay with an interesting fact about your subject of discussion in the essay and the audience will not help reading the entire paper!
For Example; Smoking causes 1 in every 5 deaths in the U.S. every year.
A Scene Hook
Giving a vivid description of something such as a place, an incident or a person will make the reader visualize, creating a picture in their minds. When this happens, you have already captured the reader!
For example: “Visiting Mt. Kenya Resort is more soothing than climbing the mountain. The view of zebras and giraffes grazing on the green field on one side, a river quietly flowing on the other, and the mountain creamed with snow at the peaks is so relaxing.”
After hooking the reader of your essay on the introductory paragraph of yours, Do Not Unhook him/her in the second and subsequent paragraphs. Try to capture his/her attention to the end. The conclusion of the essay should be equally captivating. Essay hooks are at your disposal to achieve this!
To find additional information about Hooks in writing you can:
- check our short-fun video on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKhkVcL1gfo
- check our infographic collection (including Essay Hooks): https://plus.google.com/u/0/collection/gPcW9
More Examples and Ideas of Good Hooks for your Essay
The introductory section of an essay is essential since it determines whether the reader will be interested in continuing to read the text or not. For this reason, the use of essay hooks is necessary to perform the task of leading and grabbing the attention of the reader regarding the subject of a particular essay. There are several types of hooks that one could consider making their work interesting to read. Thus, this paper seeks to carry out an exploration of the different types of essay hooks and provide the relevant examples for each.
The use of a quotation as essay hooks ought to consider its relevance to the topic of essay discussion. Additionally, the quote should be interesting even if it elicits controversy. After the quotation, a discussion of how the quote relates to the issue of discussion should follow so as to grab the attention of the reader.
Example: Hillary Clinton, an influential American politician, once underscored that “We must stop thinking of the individual and start thinking about what is best for society,” thereby unmasking one of the sensitive issues in the politics of the U.S.
Essay hooks that embrace the use of anecdotes usually provide a brief narration of a funny or interesting occurrence or event. The writer could either use other people’s experiences or their personal experiences with regards to events like fieldwork, research tales, or recollection. It is essential to create a three-dimensional depiction of the story before concluding with a callback that links the arguments presented to the anecdote.
Example: the scorching heat, broad patterns of sand dunes, inadequate potable water, and loss of navigation marked the depth of the adversity experienced by Hussein’s family due to the looming civil war in the youngest Middle East country.
In an introduction, rhetoric inquiries are questions asked for impact or accentuation since no answer is anticipated. A commencement paragraph may incorporate one rhetoric question or a progression of them. Utilizing a series of rhetoric inquiry can be viable if every rhetoric question draws the reader more profound into comprehension of the exposition. The reason for one or a few rhetoric question in a paper is, therefore, to create a thought before its presentation in the essay.
Example: for instance, if a document is about grown kids who return home, the author may ask, "Would anyone differ that once kids are grown they ought not to be permitted to move back with their guardians to simply make their lives less demanding?" No answer would be expected as numerous people would contend that grown-up kids who have been all alone need to tackle their particular issues and be in charge of their lives.
In this sort of a hook, the introduction generates interest about the rest of the article since it draws out a reality presumably not known to many people. The actuality could likewise incorporate statistical information. By attracting upon a striking fact that addresses the inquiry extensively, you can persuasively show your "take" on the answer. Use points that are connected correctly to the watchwords and expressions. Being innovative and bold with an opening actuality can get your reader's consideration.
Example: in the U.S, it is projected that 45% of children and youth are at the risk of committing suicide due to bullying experiences both at school and at home.
Simile or Metaphor
Similes and metaphors are utilized as a part of introducing numerous types of papers. They can be employed to convey a particular message all the more successfully and to place accentuation on a given point. Further, they could be used to unearth a depiction of something with a particular end goal to empower it to have a greater impact on the reader. They can likewise be utilized to improve a specific section of content or to clarify something all the more obviously.
Example: an illustration of a simile in an introduction, "composing a book is a desperate, depleting battle, like to a long episode of some extreme sickness."
Then again, before picking one of the methods above you ought to contemplate your audience. Who is going to peruse your paper and what sort of feelings do you need to evoke in them? Moreover, concentrate on the reason for your written work and pick the most suitable essay hook to bolster your principle thought.
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